The Narrative Procedure Standards
- Engage the reader by establishing a context, creating a persona and otherwise developing reader interest;
- Provide a guide to action that anticipates a reader’s needs; create expectations through predictable structures such as headings; and provide transitions between steps;
- Make use of appropriate writing strategies, such as creating a visual hierarchy and using whitespace and graphics as appropriate;
- Include relevant information;
- Exclude extraneous information;
- Anticipate problems, mistakes and misunderstandings that might arise for the reader;
- Provide a sense of closure to the writing.
Of course we put that in language that the students can understand...
- I can engage the reader by grabbing the reader’s attention and keeping it (in the context of science procedural writing).
- I can use headings (like Introduction, Steps, and Conclusion) and use transition words (like first, second, next, then, after that…) so that the reader can see the pattern and easily follow the steps.
- I can use appropriate writing strategies, such as graphics and blank space to make the procedure easy to read and follow.
- I can include relevant (important) information and take out irrelevant (not important) information.
- I can predict problems my reader might have and fix the problems.
- I can write a conclusion so that the reader reviews the procedure he/she has read.