The goal of the proposal is to move most middle and high schools to a later start time. As a result, elementary start times would need to move earlier in the morning, or in some cases later, to allow secondary schools an 8:30 a.m. start time while keeping school bus transportation costs to a minimum.
This change will better align with sleep research that shows health benefits for teenagers who start school later in the morning. Research has not shown drastic academic achievement for secondary students who start school later.
Additionally, there is little credible research to point to a benefit for elementary students and an earlier start time.
When secondary students receive fewer than 8 hours of sleep
- Increased rates of depression, anxiety and fatigue
- Increased risk of suicide
- Increased rates of auto accidents
- Decreased athletic and motor skills
- Weight gain and/or elevated blood pressure
- Increased likelihood of criminal behavior or risk-taking (drugs, alcohol)
- Interference with brain development (memory formation)
- Presentation: Dr. Conrad Iber, MD, Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota. "Teens and Sleep: The biology of sleep and the human brain"
- Examining the Impact of Later High School Start Times on the Health and Academic Performance of High School Students
- When the Bell Tolls: The Effects of School Starting Times on Academic Achievement
- Impact of School Start Time on Student Learning
- Elementary Feedback on Changed Start Times
- American Academy of Pediatrics Supports Childhood Sleep Guidelines
- ARTICLE: Why teen brains need later school start time
- ARTICLE: When Worlds Collide Adolescent Need for Sleep Versus Societal Demands
- ARTICLE: The Impact of School Start Time on Family Life
- ARTICLE: The Consequences of Insufficient Sleep for Adolescents
- ARTICLE: Changing Times: Findings From the First Longitudinal Study of Later High School Start Times
- ARTICLE: Starting Time and School Life: Reflections from Educators and Students