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    Academic Growth

    Measures of academic growth provide a longitudinal view of student progress, and add important information to traditional measures that give a snapshot of student achievement at a single point in time. Methods of measuring growth range from subtracting last year’s test score from this year’s test score, to complex value-added models that statistically account for differences in student academic and background characteristics.


    Academic Proficiency

    Systems of instruction, assessment, grading, and reporting that measure the degree to which students have mastered the knowledge and skills they are expected to learn at a given point in their education.



    In addition to its accounts receivable (AR) and accounts payable (AP) duties, the accounting department helps grant managers create, monitor and maintain the budget. Some of the typical duties of an accountant are to: prepare budgets, budgetary reports and statements, and prepare recommendations for future budgetary requirements. Additionally, the accounting department: determines proper accounting procedures and methods and recommends change in procedures as needed, performs internal auditing work in examining and verifying the accuracy of a variety of accounting reports, records, documents, statements and other financial information prepares project cost studies and analyses



    Strategies are achieved through individual activities. Modifying the school day to accommodate 30 minutes of instruction, plus purchasing visual and tactile teaching aids to use during that instructional time are examples of two activities.



    The amount of funding provided for a specific purpose, for example salary or fringe benefits. Your grant funds will be allocated to the various areas required to launch and sustain grant activities.



    Expenditures that are permitted by the grant.  Each grant differs, and the grant management coordinator will provide a project-specific guide to costs that are allowed by the grant.  In addition to the grant-specific criteria, the expense must also meet the following:

    • Have a public purpose
    • Be necessary and reasonable for the implementation of the project
    • Be allocable (if the grant pays for 100%, only the grant program can use it)
    • Charged based on actual costs (taking all rebates into consideration)


    Amendment (Contract)

    Amendments to a contract are formal changes (either revision, addition, or deletion) to one or more of the terms. It must be signed by the same persons (or their successors) who signed the original contract. Typically, it states that everything in the contract remains in force except the following changes... (which are listed) and then has the signature block. The amendment is then attached to the original contract as part of the entire contract package.


    Annual Report

    Your grant award documents will include a schedule of reports to the funder. At the end of a project or each year of a project, it is common to submit a final report to the funder. Sometimes, these reports are highly structured; other times, they more resemble a thank you letter. It is critical that the annual report, and in fact ALL reports be reviewed and approved by, at a minimum, your supervisor, Research, Evaluation and Assessment (REA) and the Grant Management Coordinator.


    Appropriation is how the legislative body authorizes the use of a specific amount of money for a government-funded program.  It is different from authorization because it attaches real dollars to it.



    Grant applications, requests for gifts, reports for the funder, contracts and any number of related documents have to travel the SPPS approval process. "Approvers" include your supervisor, those in your supervisor's reporting chain, and others, depending on the document in question. "Approvers" have the authority to either approve or recommend termination of a project. Approvers sign off on projects before projects are presented to the Chief of Staff and Superintendent.



    Assets as related to Property Control are restricted to various types of equipment as defined by the four digit Account Code of the Chartfields that the item was purchased against:

    Note: Gifts that would be defined as an asset by the above definition are also tagged and tracked


    Authorized Representative

    It is not unusual for grant award notifications to include a form to be signed and returned to the grantor. Only an authorized representative can legally sign it. An authorized representative for SPPS is the Superintendent OR someone authorized by the Superintendent to sign in the Superintendent's absence. Authorized representatives are limited to the Board of Education, Superintendent, Chief Business Officer, and Purchasing Manager.


    Award Documents

    The notification of acceptance of your grant proposal will be accompanied by and a part of your award documents. The documents will vary by funder, but include, for example, the budget narrative, contract, report requirements, etc.


    BAI (Board Agenda Item)

    Those items requiring approval of the Board of Education are presented to the Board in a Board Agenda Item, (BAI). This routing process applies to all applications for grants or gifts, regardless of size. The approval process for a BAI includes the routing of the item to your supervisor, and all appropriate personnel along your reporting chain, along with those departments affected by the proposed item. Because of the detailed format required for the Board and the timing of the routing for signature, BAIs are generally written and routed through the approval process by the Communications, Marketing and Development Office.


    Balanced Budget

    When a budget is balanced, that means that the amount of revenue and the budgeted expenditures are equal (or more accurately, add up to zero). Balanced budgets are important because as a grant manager, you want to ensure that you are spending all of your grant - no more, no less. It is fairly common for a budget to be created that is not equal to the anticipated revenue. Given the constraints and vagaries of the grant world, there is no mechanism in place to prevent this from happening. However, vigilant review of the budget and spending can keep revenues and spending in appropriate harmony, mitigating these oddities.



    A bid is a potential vendor’s cost to provide a good or service. Typically, a bid accompanies or is included in a statement of work. For example, an external evaluator will provide an evaluation plan and cost estimate to carry it out. Those two items make up the bid. Should the district accept a bid, a purchase requisition would be entered in eProcurement and the bid attached.

    As a grant manager, you may decide to hire services provided by a vendor from outside SPPS. The vendor will normally submit a bid which should include the price and a description of the product or services to be delivered (Statement of Work), the date requirements and a host of other items.

    For grants, it is common that the grant manager will conduct the initial negotiation with and choose the vendor. Once the grant manager accepts a bid, then the contract, W9 and IC vs. EE process begins. Once the bid, contract, W9 and IC vs EE form are submitted to the Purchasing Dept, a purchasing requisition can be completed, which eventually morphs into a Purchase Order.


    Board of Education Approval of Projects

    The Board of Education authorizes the Superintendent to sign district grant applications. Normally, the Superintendent is the only person who may sign district-related documents, including school-level grant applications and contracts. The Superintendent may designate authorized representatives to sign in his or her absence.

    See also: Authorized Representatives


    Board of Education Policies

    The Saint Paul Board of Education is the publicly elected governing board for the school district. All SPPS employees must adhere to the Board of Education policies and related procedures while conducting district business.



    A budget is a best guess of how funds will be spent in a particular span of time. In grant management, a budget is set at the beginning of a project (and each subsequent project year) by identifying the activities to be carried out in the work plan and allocating an appropriate dollar amount to that activity. Then the dollars are categorized according to their purpose, i.e. personnel, benefits, fees for services, travel, or supplies, etc. A grant budget in SPPS is submitted using the Fully Financed Budget forms. For more information, visit the Business and Financial Affairs website.


    Budget Administrator

    The budget administrator is the person responsible for all aspects of a singular budget, whether a school's budget, a program budget, or an individual grant's budget. The administrator has authority to spend district funds as appropriate, and exercises that authority through signing and/or approving pay instruments such as requests for payment, time sheets, and purchase requisitions. Along with that authority comes the responsibility to adhere to the rules of the funding source, district policies and procedures, and all applicable laws.


    Budget Code

    The budget code is a series of 19 digits in a particular sequence, and with very specific purposes, as listed below. A budget code provides verification that the district has established a coding system to identify that purpose. However, it does NOT mean there are any funds allocated to a budget. Nevertheless, current practice requires that a budget code will not be created without an identified revenue source.

    A budget code looks like this: 29-005-352-610-6430-3450

    The "code" breaks down like this:

    29 = Fund

    005 = Organization (Org)

    352 = Program (Prog)

    610 = Finance (Fin)

    6430 = Object (Obj)

    3450 = Course

    Most Fully Financed budgets have all but the object code fixed: 29-005-352-610-XXXX-3450 as everything else stays the same as part of the identification of the source and purpose.

    See also: Budget, Fully Financed Budget, UFARS


    Budget Revision

    A budget revision is a redistribution of estimated expenses from the original budget, usually from one object code to another. If the revision is more than 10% it must be accompanied by the funder's approval of the revision. The funder's approval is secured officially by a letter under the Superintendent's signature. The letter is generally written and routed by the Communications, Marketing and Development Office. Regardless of who writes the letter, it must be written on the Superintendent's letterhead and routed through the approval process.


    Budget Worksheets

    Excel worksheets prefilled with formulas to assist in developing a budget for expenses. The formulas assist in figuring partial FTE costs, fringe benefits and indirect costs over a potential five-year period.

    Budget Worksheet Template

    Sample Worksheet


    Budgeted Funds

    Budgeted funds are those funds that have been determined necessary to implement the project. These funds should be identified in the grant application. Things like staff time fall under budgeted funds.

    See also: liquidated funds, obligated funds



    Grant funds that were not spent in the year intended and are then applied to the next fiscal year of the project. In order to carryover funds from year to year, the funder must approve in writing. This requires a revised budget to be submitted reflecting the carried over funds. Excessive carryover can be seen by the funder, fairly or not, as a failure of SPPS to do what we said we'd do and when we said we'd do it. There are oftentimes legitimate reasons for carryover, but carryover can also be a result of a poorly managed grant. A regular examination of activities and budgets will keep your reasons for carryover legitimate.


    CBC (Criminal Background Check) for volunteers and vendors

    All applicants for a volunteer position with Saint Paul Public Schools should complete the Volunteer Application and a Volunteer Background Investigation Permission and Release Form. The permission and release form allows the District to complete a criminal background investigation for each applicant. If a criminal background investigation is required for the volunteer assignment, the investigation must be successfully completed before the volunteer is to begin providing service at the school. The need for a CBC applies both to volunteers and vendors and is related to situations in terms of increasing increments of risk; a criminal background check is warranted only in a few situations. In most cases, a criminal background check will be completed only if volunteers or vendors will be working with children in an unsupervised setting.


    Change Order (Contracts)

    Rarely encountered on a grant project, a change order is a revision to a contract, typically for a capital improvement project such as construction. It is an amendment that changes the scope, cost or the time in which a project is to be completed. Change Orders in excess of $100,000 must be approved by the Board of Education.


    Clean Raw Data

    Data that has been exported from a database, has not been analyzed (raw), but has been error checked (clean). Those involved with grants will encounter this term when involved with research and evaluation - the researcher needs clean raw data to analyze. Data collection and dissemination needs to be coordinated with REA., and be defined in the data sharing agreement.



    Grant closeout is the completion of the grant life cycle and the official end of the government’s relationship with grantees.  It is the period 90 days after the end of the grant.


    Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

    The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the departments and agencies of the federal government


    Comptroller General

    The Comptroller General of the United States heads the Government Accountability Office (GAO).  The Comptroller General works in a non-partisan and non-ideological manner with Congressional clients and external parties.  They support congress in meeting its constitutional responsibilities and in helping to improve the performance and ensure the accountability of the federal government for the benefit of the American people.  The agency carries out audit, evaluative, and investigative assignments and provides legal analyses to congress.



    An expert in an area who is contracted (not an employee) to perform a specific service for a specific period of time. External evaluators are consultants, as are many other service providers e.g. professional development providers.



    Defines the parameters (type of work, amount to be paid for services rendered or product delivered, start and end dates, time frame for deliverables, etc.) of an agreement to provide products or services Your grant application is the guide to the entire project and constitutes a contract between SPPS and the funder.

    This is why it is so important that as a grant manager, you understand in full detail your grant application. In the grant development stage, various sections may be written by others, or you might inherit a grant developed by others. Whatever the case, it is your responsibility to read and understand all of the grant application in detail.


    Contract Monitoring

    Contract Monitoring involves ensuring compliance with the contract terms and conditions, understanding progress and performance measured against contract deliverables, identifying and mitigating risk, managing the change process and securing the best value for district dollars.


    Contract Terms

    "Terms" can be a bit confusing. Terms generally refers to a contract's time period...the contract's start and end dates. Terms, as in "terms and conditions" also applies to the elements within a contract, including the following:

    • The description of goods or services being supplied
    • The price and payment structure
    • The delivery details, including time, place, and who is responsible for delivery
    • The rights of any party to terminate the contract
    • Confidentiality provisions, particularly if the contract address items of a sensitive nature
    • Limitation of liability provisions

     The contract coordinator within the Purchasing Deptartment is going to guide you through all of these concepts


    Contractor (Independent Contractor)

    St. Paul Public Schools is required by law to obtain a W-9 Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification form from independent contractors. In addition, a written contract for the services must be in place prior to any work done or services provided.

    An IC vs EE form must be completed by the hiring party (supervisor) of a worker if that worker or supervisor is expecting the worker to be classified as an independent contractor. Human Resources will make the final determination of whether or not the worker should be classified as an employee or an independent contractor.


    Cost Objective

    A specific grant award, or other category of costs, that requires the grantee to track specific information related to costs. Cost objectives are an important factor in Time and Effort reporting.


    Cost Share

    It is common for grants to contain a matching funds requirement on the part of a grantee. Grants with a matching fund requirement obligate grantees to provide other sources of funding to either match or exceed the grant’s matching stipulation. Stipulations are normally expressed as a percentage: for example, a matching grant might cover 50% of the project cost, which means the grantee has to identify an additional source or sources to cover the remaining 50%. “1:1” match means every $1 of grant funding must be matched by $1 of SPPS funding.

    Historically, matching funds violations have been the focus of grant audits. Federal auditors point out that it's important to remember that matching funds generally must meet the same requirements as the grant funds. It's easy to lose track of the matching component during the life of a grant, so during your budget meetings remember to track this component.  Also referred to as matching funds..



    Technically speaking, data is almost anything; a fact about something - quantitative (numbers) or qualitative (descriptive). In grant management, the term 'data' is usually in reference to student data - information like gender, MCA scores, survey responses, enrollment dates, etc. Data by itself is typically a list or a table and doesn't mean anything until analyzed. See this website for a simple explanation.


    Data Center

    The goal of the SPPS Data Center is to provide a professional one-stop website that is highly useful to school staff, parents, and community members. The intent of the SPPS Data Center is to avoid replication of data collection and to integrate several SPPS websites into one primary site. SPPS Data Center is designed to serve as the single web-based repository for all data based decision making and analysis regarding SPPS. The Data Center can be found at


    Data Collection

    The gathering of data in preparation for analysis. Typically data is collected as part of an evaluation through surveys, interviews, mining databases, or observation.


    Data Sharing Agreement

    An agreement with REA that is often used in addition to a contract to explicitly detail what data will be shared, when, how and in what format it will be shared and how the recipient will protect the privacy of that data.



    Products that are delivered as part of a contract. An example is a PowerPoint presentation or publishable report that an external evaluator provides. Deliverables are the tangible product of the work getting done. Often invoices are tied to deliverables. For example, once a report is delivered, the evaluator prepares an invoices for the time they spent preparing the report.


    Deliverable Schedule

    The list of deliverables, format, deadline, and distribution of products.


    Direct Costs

    Those costs that can be identified specifically with a particular program, including program services provided to intended beneficiaries, or compensation of the employees who administer the program.


    Dissemination of Results

    Various laws and rules govern the dissemination of data, and Research, Evaluation and Assessment(REA) can help you through the process of understanding what you can and cannot do with your data. REA provides responses to all Saint Paul stakeholders. This includes stakeholders within the district, as well as external stakeholders such as federal granting agencies, the greater St. Paul community, and the legislature.


    Document Translation Order Form

    The Office of Translation Services translates written documents, records connect-ed messages for parents, and provides a list of on-call interpreters for several schools and programs in the district. Currently staff provide services in Hmong, Karen, Somali and Spanish. Requests for translations should be sent to Translation Services through an online request. Translations are usually completed within 5 business days, but turn around time may vary depending on length and complexity of the translation and the office general workload.



    Any method of appropriately tracking activities; akin to "getting it in writing." In Grant Management, documentation is necessary for anything that tracks the appropriate use of funds: invoices for work done, copies of revision requests and approvals, copies of original contracts, Time & Effort reports, payroll time sheets, work logs, sign-in sheets, etc. Other forms of documentation could include copies of correspondence - especially requests for corrective action from vendors to show good faith on the part of the District, reflecting that what has been promised and purchased was of appropriate quality and received by the District.


    EDGAR (Education Department General Administrative Regulations)

    EDGAR is a subset of the Code of Federal Regulations specific to ED, and includes regulatory materials and requirements on the administration of grants and agreements, protection of human subjects, etc.



    In the grant world, the distinction between an employee and a contractor is important, and affects, among other things, how each is paid. From employees, St. Paul Public Schools is required by law to obtain certain information, including an I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification form (for all employees) and a Criminal Background Check authorization (for certain jobs/positions only). In addition, employees have key benefits and protections which are not available to independent contractors, like FICA & Medicare contributions, Public Employees Retirement Association contributions (for qualifying positions), and coverage under workers compensation. These factors (costs) will affect your budgeting process as well.



    SPPS’ internal system for requisitioning supplies, contractors, etc. iProcurement is used to create purchase orders and initiate the procurement of goods and services in excess of $1,000.



    Steve Schellenberg, Assistant Director of REA, quotes Egon Guba saying, "Evaluation is the stimulation, aiding and abetting of insightful action." While that is lovely to ponder, what it actually means is this: The systematic collection of information about the activities, characteristics, and outcomes of programs forms judgments about the program, improve program effectiveness, and/or inform decisions about future programming.

    Evaluation is about attaining goals...implementation of a program, understanding program processes, identifying unanticipated consequences and long-term impacts. Evaluation is undertaken to inform decisions, clarify options, identify improvements, and provide information about programs and policies within contextual boundaries of time, place, values, and politics.

    Utilization-Focused Evaluation is based on the premise that evaluations should be judged by their utility and actual use; that evaluators should facilitate the evaluation process and design with careful consideration of how everything that is done, from beginning to end, will affect its use; and, the use concerns how real people in the real world apply evaluation findings and experience to the evaluation process.


    Execute(d) Contracts

    A contract is fully executed when all parties have signed the agreement.


    Expenditure / Expense

    The amount of funds spent for a specific purpose, for example salary, or to pay an individual invoice.


    External Evaluator

    There are times and circumstances that will require an outside evaluator. In those instances, you should meet with SPPS Research, Evaluation and Assessment (REA) to review your data collection and evaluation plans. At this point, REA will also make the determination of whether or not the evaluation will be conducted in-house or whether it will be contracted out to an external evaluator. This is one of the few decisions that you will not have control over – input for sure, but not the final decision. REA will assist you in all of the requirements specific to hiring and working with an external evaluator.


    File Format, Transfer, and Storage

    When transferring data, especially large files for evaluators, this must be done in a format that is usable (e.g. in Excel and not MSWorks), the transfer must be secure, and the file must be stored in a way to maintain the privacy of the data.

    File Format, Transfer, and Storage are important to the Data Sharing Agreement.


    Fiscal Responsibility

    The obligation to manage the funds entrusted to a budget administrator within the limits of the law and district policy, ever mindful that he or she is a faithful and vigilant steward of the public's money.


    Form 524b

    Grant Performance Report. For federal grants, it has three sections that need to be filled out annually: Cover Sheet and Summary, Budget, and Performance.


    Full Time Equivalent (FTE)

    Full-time Equivalent (FTE) is a unit that indicates the workload of an employee in a way that makes workloads comparable across various contexts. FTE is often used to measure a worker's involvement in a project. An FTE of 1.0 means that the person is equivalent to a full-time employee, while an FTE of 0.5 signals that the employee is budgeted half-time on a particular project.


    Fully Financed Budget

    A fully financed budget is a budget adopted by the Board of Education, which has an outside funding source for a specific use. Most private, state and federal grants require specific reporting procedures to ensure funds are expended within the grant period and used for allowed expenditures. To facilitate this reporting requirement, the funds are placed in a separate budget from regular district funds hence, a fully financed budget. Having a Fully Financed Budget is necessary before you can--

    • Order materials
    • Contract for services
    • Hire staff
    • Pay bills
    • Ensure an accurate report of financial activity

    For assistance in establishing a grant budget, contact accounting.



    The individual, firm or agency that has awarded the district grant funds.


    GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles)

    An agreed upon method for accountants to follow the same processes for accounting, allowing for a standardization of accounting practice.



    The process by which the district accepts gifts is governed both by law and District policy.

    Guidelines For Use Of Gifts

    Gifts may be used for instructional materials, field trips, student incentives, equipment, professional services and technical services. All district regulations covering these types of expenditures must be followed. Gifts which are to be used to buy additional staff time must be approved by the area superintendent or senior staff. Gifts which involve capital improvements to any building site must be pre-approved by the executive director of school services.

    Gifts to PTO (Parent/Teacher Organization) or PTA (Parent/Teacher Association)

    If a check is payable to a PTO or PTA, the PTO or PTA needs to send a letter of appreciation with their taxpayer identification number. Their tax ID number cannot be the same ID number as the SPPS federal tax ID number. Also, if a check is made payable to “Saint Paul Public Schools” or a specific school name such as “Ames Elementary” the donation cannot be given to the PTO or PTA as a gift.



    The goal of a project is the answer to “Why are you doing this?” In education, it more often than not is about improved educational outcomes for our students. The goal is a very big, long-term end-result or achievement. Objectives, strategies, and stakeholders are all part of the goal, but the goal is the ultimate reason for a project. The goal is the one thing you’ll look back on this project in ten years and ask yourself, “Did I get it right?”


    Government Accountability Office (GAO)

    The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that works for congress. Often called the "congressional watchdog," GAO investigates how the federal government spends taxpayer dollars. The head of GAO is the Comptroller General.


    GPRA (Government Performance Reporting Act)

    Each federal grant has key objectives that it collects from all grantees. These are considered GPRA indicators and must be included in all reports to the federal agency that funded the grant. They are usually submitting in Section 2 of the SF524b.



    Money that has requirements for financial tracking and reporting that isn't part of a funding formula.


    Grant Activities

    The minutia of "doing" the grant. Each major activity should be identified on the grant's work plan and an appropriate amount of the budget should be allocated to carry out those efforts. As an example, for a professional development session, activities that need to be carried out are: a trainer must be contracted, a meeting place must be secured, materials for instruction must be prepared and the content of the training must be selected.


    Grant Award Notice (GAN)

     The official communication from the Federal Department of Education of your grant. It includes information about the budget, project period, department contacts, reporting requirements, etc.


    Grant Funded FTE Dependence

    The Council of Great City Schools measures Grant Funded FTEs as the number of FTEs funded by grant resources divided by number of total FTEs funded by all sources of a school district. Because grants are not a long-term solution to staffing, a district with many FTEs on a grant has a larger than advisable situation to deal with when grant funds end and those staffs are laid off due to the budget cuts.

    This is a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) for the Effective Grants Management Program.


    Grant Funded Materials

    Supplies purchased with state or federal grant funds are property of the granting agency. If the grant materials are no longer needed to sustain grant activities, grant materials must be offered for return. If the granting agency refuses the materials, those materials are to be kept in the district, and are first to be used to sustain the grant activities. If the grant activities are ending, they are to be redistributed to other projects supported by that granting agency. Typically this means they can go to the following areas:

    • Title I
    • Special Education English Language Leaner (ELL)

    Note: Once the items are either returned or redistributed, remember to update the physical inventory to reflect these changes.


    Grant Management

    The profession or avocation that ensures funded projects are implemented as planned, meet the expectations of the funder, satisfy the laws and regulations of the grantor, grantee, and any governments with jurisdiction, all while trying to help subject matter experts make something meaningful happen with the money.

    Grants management brings leadership, management, research, evaluation and administration together with a subject matter expert to implement a project with a strict time table and budget. It is at once an art and a science.

    In SPPS, grant managers are supported by a team of professionals from across the district with expertise in program implementation, evaluation and reporting, fiscal responsibility, and contracting and procurement.


    Grant Manager

    The individual responsible for the implementation and administration of an individual grant.  Also referred to as the principal investigator (PI) or project director.


    Grant Narrative

    The narrative is the section of the grant that was actually written - without all the forms and attachments. It is usually fewer than 25 pages in length and contains an executive summary, statement of need, project goals, strategies and activities, the management plan, evaluation plan and budget narrative.

    The grant narrative is the district's commitment to action pending a financial award from the funder. Once awarded, the grant narrative becomes the guide for the entirety of the project.


    Grant Spending Efficiency

    This is a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) for the Council of Great City Schools that measures grant spending against anticipated or expected spending. In SPPS this will be measured during the Performance Assessment that is done at least every six months and is also a key progress indicator for the Effective Grants Management Program. A review of grant spending efficiency would reveal issues of potential over-or-under spending, often a result of improper grant implementation.


    Grants Management Coordinator

    The administrative position that supports the district’s capacity to develop promising practices in education by securing competitive revenues and ensuring the success of grant-funded programs. The grants management coordinator (GMC) works to ensure that grant-funded programs run smoothly and helps to create a vision for future grant development and program success.

    The essential functions include the following duties, any of which can come into play when you need support with your grant:

    • Lead the the district grant management plan that coordinates existing information and leverages the relationship between the Business Office; Research, Evaluation, and Assessment; and the Office of Communications, Marketing and Development.
    • Support district administrators in effectively implementing and managing grant projects, assisting with collaboration and fostering accountability across departments and programs.
    • Implement district policy and practice related to grant management.
    • Implement a grant management system to create a connected spectrum of grant management for the effective administration of grants once awarded, including the setting up and overseeing of procedures to:
      • Accept and run grants
      • Ensure compliance with legal and fiduciary responsibilities
      • Schedule grant reporting and dissemination
      • Create and manage the grant management calendar
      • Give advice and consultation to external teams and all district staff (including senior staff and grant program managers)
      • Collaborate with the Business Office to create, re-negotiate, and balance grant budgets
      • Develop and implement the grants management technology system
      • Track grant administrators and ensure compliance with regulations on choosing and naming grant administrators
      • Develop written materials outlining the program or school's plans and goals to assist in the development of later grant reporting and writing


    Hiring Leader

    Hiring processes in the District are fairly complex. But to simplify, for those instances when you as a grant manager decide you need to hire for a position, you will most often make the final decision regarding who gets hired. Human resources will act as a coordinator, helping you, the hiring leader, through each step. This is one of those areas where you will benefit from another department's expertise, allowing you to maintain focus on yours.


    IC vs EE Form

    There are distinct differences between employees (EE) and independent contractors (IC) in the areas of hiring, supervision, compensation, etc. Classification of independent contractor vs employee is not a choice made by the hiring party, nor is it the case that the worker can simply decide how he or she wants to be paid. It is, rather, a determination based on multiple factors set at both the federal and state levels.

    An IC vs EE form must be completed by the hiring party (supervisor) of a worker if that worker or supervisor is expecting the worker to be classified as an independent contractor. Human Resources will make the final determination of whether or not the worker should be classified as an employee or as an independent contractor. This determination will affect, among other things, how each group is paid. Employees are paid through the payroll system. Independent contractors are paid through the accounts payable system.


    In-Kind Funds

    In-kind contributions are defined under federal guidelines as "contributions other than cash." While they usually add real value to a project, in-kind contributions do not require an actual cash outlay. Some examples of in-kind contributions are indirect costs not charged to the sponsor, third-party contributions, and donated labor, materials, and services.


    Indirect Costs

    Costs that benefit multiple federal and state awards and cannot easily be associated with one specific program. Salaries and expenses for data processing, accounting, procurement, human resources and yes, grants management are all examples of indirect costs.


    Information Technology

    The Saint Paul Public Schools Information Technology Department mission is to deliver the appropriate level of technology to all Saint Paul Schools staff, students and families, sufficient to the provision of a premier education to all.

    The SPPS IT Department ensures that staff and students have accurate, current and timely information about IT services. The service catalog is designed to provide this information. The catalog is also an important internal tool used to enhance the accuracy and consistency of communications with the SPPS community.


    Inspector General

    An inspector general is an investigative official in a civil or military organization.  There are federal and state inspectors general.


    Internal Controls

    The methods an organization uses to identify and prevent or minimize its risk.  Internal controls are integrated into the management of a program so the organization can accomplish what it is supposed to and avoid what it should not do.

    Common examples of internal controls include published policies and guidelines for all operational processes, employee performance evaluations, ledger account reconciliations, separation of duties, and protection of personally identifiable information.


    Labor Agreements

    A contract between labor and management governing wages and benefits and working conditions. SPPS has many different labor agreements available online. These are relevant to the grant manager as it is vital to understand the rules and limitations of compensation policies for district employees.


    LEA (Local Education Agency)

    Local educational agency or LEA means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a state for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary schools or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a state. SPPS is an LEA. Individual charter schools are often considered LEAs.


    Liquidated Funds

    Liquidated funds are those that have relieved the obligation (e.g. paid a bill). In the final months of a grant's life, remaining funds must be obligated. There is generally a 30 to 90 day period after the grant's end in which to liquidate those funds. This extended period is in recognition that some bills from vendors will not arrive until after the grant period ends for services provided within the grant period.

    See also: budgeted funds, obligated funds


    Matching Funds

    It is common for grants to contain a matching funds requirement on the part of a grantee. Grants with a matching fund requirement obligate grantees to provide other sources of funding to either match or exceed the grant’s matching stipulation. Stipulations are normally expressed as a percentage: for example, a matching grant might cover 50% of the project cost, which means the grantee has to identify an additional source or sources to cover the remaining 50%. “1:1” match means every $1 of grant funding must be matched by $1 of SPPS funding.

    Historically, matching funds violations have been the focus of grant audits. Federal auditors point out that it's important to remember that matching funds generally must meet the same requirements as the grant funds. It's easy to lose track of the matching component during the life of a grant, so during your budget meetings remember to track this component.  Also referred to as cost share or cost sharing.



    The Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments (MCAs) are state tests in mathematics, reading and science that meet the requirements of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA).

    The MCAs are given every spring to measure student performance against the Minnesota Academic Standards, which specify what students in a particular grade should know and be able to do.


    MCA - II

    Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments-Series II, which measure student achievement with regard to the new Minnesota Academic Standards. The administration of these assessments began in the spring of 2006 in grades 3-8 (reading and math), 10 (reading only), and 11 (math only), replacing the original MCAs. One other difference from the MCA, besides the added grade levels being tested, is that there is no MCA-II test in writing.


    Measurable Objective

    Objectives are the things we can capture and measure on the way to the Goal's end-state. For example, if the goal is that all children will read by grade three, an objective could be “In kindergarten, children will be able to identify 20 letter sounds correctly.” It is a measurable moment that verifies whether the project is working to meet the goal. In most cases there will be multiple objectives for a goal.  Also referred to as objectives.


    Measure of Academic Progress (MAP)

    The Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) is a computer adaptive achievement test in reading and mathematics. MAP dynamically adapts to students’ responses; when a student answers a question correctly, subsequent question become harder, miss a question and subsequent questions become easier. This individualization allows instructors to accurately identify where on the learning continuum each student resides. The purpose for administering the MAP is to use the results to inform instruction, narrowing in on each student's progress and current capabilities..



    A purchase of supplies or services using simplified acquisition procedures, the aggregate amount of which does not exceed the micro-purchase threshold of $3,000. Micro-purchase procedures are intended to expedite the completion of small purchase transactions while minimizing the administrative burden and cost.


    Minnesota Department of Education (MDE)

    Minnesota Department of Education (formerly Department of Children, Families, and Learning or CFL). Federal grant dollars are often funneled through the state, and in these instances, MDE acts as the fiscal authority.


    No Cost Extension

    Under a no cost extension, a grantee can, with the approval of the funder, extend the grant period. This is done, however, at no cost to the additional funds are provided.


    Noncompetitive Proposals

    Procurement through solicitation of a proposal from only one source.  Also called sole-source.



    Objectives and goals are easily mistaken as interchangeable; in SPPS we make a distinction. The goal is about mission and end-state; a condition to be achieved. Objectives are the things we can capture and measure on the way to that end-state. For example, if the goal is that all children will read by grade three, an objective could be “in Kindergarten, children will be able to identify 20 letter sounds correctly.” It is a measurable moment that verifies the project is working to meet the goal. It is expected that there will be multiple objectives for a goal.  Also referred to as measurable objectives.


    Obligated Funds

    Obligated funds are those that are set aside for a specific purpose (in SPPS we often say they are encumbered as they are usually on a PO). The timing of an obligation depends on the goods or services; examples are when a contract is signed, when a PO is issued, when work is performed by an employee. As a grant is ending, funds must be obligated and there is generally a 30 to 90 day period to liquidate those funds.

    See also: liquidated funds, budgeted funds


    Office of the Inspector General (OIG)

    Federal watchdog that conducts audits and investigates possible fraud complaints concerning federal funding.


    Office of Grants Management (OGM)

    The central point of contact for questions and comments about fraud and waste in state grants and about the violation of statewide grants policies.


    OGAN (Official Grant Award Notification)

    Document that comes from the MN Department of Education with details of a grant award.


    OMB (Office of Management and Budget)

    The OMB produces the president's budget, monitors agency programs, policies, and procedures to see if they comply with the president's policies, and coordinates policy initiatives between agencies.



    The change in condition that is brought about through intervention. In grant management terms, an outcome is the longer-term result of shorter-term effort.

    Consider the example: you can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink. If this were a grant about getting that horse's thirst quenched, then the outcome would be a well-hydrated, healthy horse. The activities are whatever is getting the horse to the water.



    The measurable products that are a result of effort. In grant management, outputs are counted (hours of PD), measured (assessment tests), and produced (reports).


    Parent Consent

    When children enter the schoolhouse door, families put an immense amount of trust in a huge system to uphold an agreement that we will be educating their child. Many of the additional, out-of-the-ordinary events and opportunities SPPS offers require parent consent. Examples range from student participation in a field trip to permission to participate in a research project. Parental consent is secured with a Parent Consent Form.

    This consent is important for grant managers where additional assessment is conducted or if a child is going to be removed from the regular schedule of their school day. Grant managers need to be explicit with parents about the details of an event; what will be happening, for how long, and why. Grant managers also need to explain what happens if consent is refused. Additionally, if working with older students, know that once a student turns 18, parental consent doesn't apply and that consent is then to be sought of the student.

    For data collection or other levels of research, those who sign consent forms allowing for the provision of private or confidential data concerning the affected individual shall be informed of:

    1. The purpose and intended use of the requested data within the collecting government entity
    2. Whether the individual may refuse or is legally required to supply the requested data
    3. Any known consequence arising from supplying or refusing to supply private or confidential data
    4. The identity of other persons or entities authorized by state or federal law to receive the data



    Partner is a legal term that is often used informally within SPPS. Informally, a partner is often any Community Based Organization, Corporate Entity or other institution that SPPS works cooperatively with to achieve each organization’s missions.

    Legally, a partnership should be formalized through a contract process where the roles and responsibilities of each partner are specified. A description of how risk and benefit should be shared between the partners as well as detailing how to navigate disputes among the partners in achieving the mission (or goals of a project) should be included.



    An entity engaging in a contractual arrangement. SPPS is a party on contracts with evaluators, contractors, and partners.


    Payment Schedule

    The terms of when charges can be invoiced and paid as part of a contract agreement. Typically, a payment schedule will be tied to deliverables (e.g. - an evaluator will receive payment after a report has been received) or regular time periods like quarterly or monthly payments.



    Pcards are an SPPS-issued Visa Card that can be used to make business purchases. If you would like a Pcard, you must apply for it and if granted, you are required to attend a training for it. (See PD Express).

    Reminders will be emailed once a month to Pcard holders requiring them to send in their statements and receipts by the 30th of the month. If those statements and receipts are not received by more than 10 business days after the 30th the Pcard will be inactivated. There is also a 3 strike rule for Pcard holders – three offenses and the card will be taken away.



    An informal name of the district's Human Resource Management Enterprise System that is built using PeopleSoft applications.


    Portable and Attractive (subject to SPPS Property Control procedures)

    An item is considered Portable and Attractive if it is considered to have high risk of theft or loss and warrants additional controls over its use and management. Items are identified based on their associated relevant risk, including portability, attractiveness, security, ease of and consequences of theft or loss, and difficulty of replacement.


    Press Release

    News releases provide newsworthy information to newspapers, television stations, radio stations, websites and specialty publications.

    The vast majority of news releases about the Saint Paul Public Schools will be written and released by the Office of Communications, Marketing & Development. However, there are instances, such as events or staff awards, announcements, when individual schools should issue their own releases.

    This is a good place for you to be cautious; on many topics it's best that the District speak with one voice. If you have questions about whether your school should issue a release, please contact the Media Relations Coordinator.


    Principal Investigator (PI)

    The individual responsible for the implementation and administration of an individual grant.  Also referred to as the grant manager or project director.



    Similar to a closed door to maintain seclusion from general observation, is the concept that data can be secluded or separated from general information in an effort to maintain privacy.

    All data collected, created, received, maintained or disseminated by any government entity regardless of its physical form, storage media or conditions of use is subject to Chapter 13 of the Minnesota State Statutes: Government Data Practices.

    Most non-census data collected on students is considered private and individuals must have a reason and permission to receive access to that data.


    Project Goals

    The goal of a project is the answer to “Why are you doing this?” In education, it more often than not is about improved educational outcomes for our students. The goal is a very big, long-term end-result or achievement. Objectives, strategies, and stakeholders are all part of the goal, but the goal is the ultimate reason for a project. The goal is the one thing you’ll look back on this project in ten years and ask yourself, “Did I get it right?”



    For the purposes of this course, projections are the worksheets of budgetary calculations that attempt to predict the status of a budget at some point in the future based on the current status and spending patterns of a budget. Typically, grants over $100,000 will receive projections at the early parts of January, March and April that predict where the budget will be on June 30, the end of the fiscal year. These projections provide grant managers time and space to bring their spending to a graceful close.


    Purchase Order (PO)

    A purchase order (PO) is a document issued by the district to a seller of goods or services, indicating types, quantities, and agreed upon prices for products or services the seller will provide to the district. Sending a purchase order to a supplier constitutes a legal offer to buy products or services. It is used to control the purchasing of products and services from external suppliers.

    To get a PO, district staff must request a purchase through a requisition process that requires approval of supervisors, accountants and the procurement specialists of the purchasing department.


    Purchase Requisition

    A purchase requisition is simply a request to purchase something. A purchase order is a requisition that has been approved. Think of a requisition as a purchase-order-in-waiting.

    Purchases that require a requisition

    • Any items ordered from companies as listed on the Requisition Guidelines.

     The following items, regardless of cost, require a Purchase Order:

    • Any item that will be connected to the district’s network system, including computers, printers, switches, routers, etc.
    • Any item that is purchased using E-Rate funding. Cell phones, fax machines and copiers. Major appliances
    • Any goods or services that total $1000 or more (except for postage and field trip admissions.) This includes, but is not limited to, supply items, independent contractor/consultant services, equipment, and other services (such as rental/lease of equipment or building space, computer cabling, trades, building or grounds



    The shorthand, informal name for the department of Purchasing & Contract Services. The role of the department is to facilitate the procurement of quality products and services for ISD #625 students and staff through prudent expenditures of district monies by following all applicable board policies and state laws governing educational procurement.


    Qualitative Data

    Data that is descriptive and therefore often subjective. Qualitative data is often a categorical rather than numerical association. Satisfaction with a program is a qualitative measure as opposed to the attendance count of a program, which is a quantitative measure.


    Quantitative Data

    Data about quantities or that measures values or counts and are expressed as numbersGenerally address questions such as: how many; how much; or how often?


    Receiving Copy

    Most orders are purchase orders faxed to the supplier from the purchase requisition you submit in iProcurement. When a PO is created, a receiving copy (which looks very similar to the PO) is also created and an alert is emailed to you enabling you to print it. The receiving copy is verification that the goods or services have been received and accepted (approved) by the district. Signing the receiving copy enables the business office to submit payment to the vendor for some or all of the PO amount, whichever is approved and applicable.



    Because SPPS' systems SAM and FMS are not interconnected, and only one is the official record of the district, a cross-check or reconciliation is conducted in order to verify that the school or program's records match FMS. This is very similar to balancing your checkbook against a bank statement.

    Training is available from the business office to learn the process to reconcile between FMS and SAM.



    Reports in general are a compilation of information. Grant managers typically utilize two different types of reports: financial and programmatic. A financial report can be for your own use in making budget decisions or might be prepared for submission to the funder. Programmatic reports can work both ways too. You might receive reports from parts of the program, you might get a formal report from an evaluator, or a status report from a program consultant. Reports are also prepared by you and submitted for SPPS review, approval and submission to the funder.


    Request For Payment (RFP)

    The form that will ultimately generate a check to pay a bill.


    Request For Proposal (RFP)

    Request for proposal (RFP) is a formal method of solicitation used for broad scope or higher priced goods and services



    The study of a treatment on a population... or, how a particular intervention works on a particular group under specific circumstances. Many grants are actually research projects, studying how the impacts of changes to the educational situation for students might improve educational outcomes.

    For non-grant projects, such as theses and dissertations, review these procedures.


    Research, Evaluation and Assessment (REA)

    Saint Paul Public Schools Department of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment is housed in the Office of Accountability.

    REA conducts inquiries and compiles reports relative to all levels of operations within the district., investigates student data and trends to support funded programs, shifts in organizational climate, and the evolving needs of the district.

    Data & Collection

    REA increases reliability and validity while expressing ingenuity in design and assessment practices, synthesizes information from a variety of sources; and translate these findings into accessible and practical responses.

    Training & Guidance

    REA provides training and guidance to school personnel in order to ensure that assessments are delivered in a fair, valid, and ethical manner. We provide guidance to school and district personnel regarding the accuracy of data collection for a variety of measures as well as data confidentiality requirements.


    REA provides responses to all Saint Paul stakeholders inquiries, expectations and requirements. This includes stakeholders within the district as well as external stakeholders such as federal granting agencies, the greater St. Paul community, and the legislature.


    Request For Quotation (RFQ)

    Standard business practice used to invite vendors or suppliers into the bidding process.  Some vendors refer to this as an Invitation For Bid (IFB).


    Right of Review

    Before sending information about the district out of the district, it needs to be reviewed, regardless of whether it was written by the grant manager or the evaluator. This process is is meant to protect the students and staff, and the district.


    Roles, Responsibilities and Expectations

    The collective list of any agreement detailing who is going to do what, when and how.

    Clearly defined roles will identify who makes decisions, who can approve payments, etc.

    Responsibilities might include who manages the budget, provides space for meetings, calls families or submits invoices. Expectations will describe when things are to be done, with the explanation of "done" fully articulated, etc.


    Single Audit

    Also known as the OMB A-133 audit.  This is a rigorous organization or agency-wide examination for agencies receiving more than $750,000 in federal grants per year.  Usually performed annually, and used to reassure the government that  funds are being spent appropriately.

    OMB A-133 is also sometimes referred to as 2 CFR 200 Appendix XI.



    The agency, organization, or group awarding a grant or other funding.


    Standard Form 424 (SF424)

    A federal form that is the coversheet to any application for federal assistance (grant). Other standard forms are 424b, 524, 524b, LLL, and others. They are all related to federal grants.


    Signature of Authorized Representatives

    It is not unusual for grant award notifications (GAN or OGAN) to include a form to be signed and returned to the grantor. Only an authorized representative can legally sign it. An authorized representative for SPPS is the superintendent OR someone authorized by the superintendent to sign in the superintendent's absence. Beyond the superintendent, authorized representatives are limited to the Board of Education, chief business officer, and purchasing manager.



    Procurement through solicitation of a proposal from only one source.  Also called noncompetitive proposal.



    Stakeholders are the people or groups of people who have a vested interest in the positive outcomes of the project. They are the “doers” and the “receivers” of the work being done. They are either affecting or being affected by the grant’s activities.


    Statement of Work (SoW)

    A statement of work is similar to a project work plan in that it clearly stipulates what will be done when and by whom. Typically, a SoW is attached to a contract for services. It can take many different formats.

    Statement of Work Example



    Strategy is how to achieve an objective and, ultimately, the goal. It is a thoughtfully constructed plan or method or action that will be employed to achieve the result. Let’s continue to use the earlier example of goal and objective: to have children in kindergarten able to identify 20 letter sounds so that they are on the path to reading by third grade. Two strategies will be employed for that objective. The first is that the instructional time for phonemic awareness will be increased to 30 minutes every day. The second is that kindergarten teachers will participate in ten hours of professional development to improve their efficacy in teaching phonemic awareness.


    Student Account Management (SAM)

    A stand-alone FileMaker Pro database that is used to track allocations and expenditures of funds. Can be used for multiple accounts. Generates requests for payment.


    Student Records

    By state law, the SPPS must collect school census information on all students in public or private schools if the parents reside in Saint Paul. Census information includes student and parent names, address, telephone, schools attended, grade, school transportation information and special education program assignments. Other information typically collected for public school students includes district-wide testing data, subject marks, attendance, and other evaluations by professional staff. Financial aid to the school district is based on census and other information sent to the Minnesota Department of Education.

    Who may see student records? Access is limited to the following:

    • Parents or legal guardians who present proper identification
    • Students age 18 or over who present proper identification
    • Officials of the Saint Paul Public Schools, such as the principal, teachers, counselors, nurses and other authorized personnel
    • Other schools where the student seeks or intends to enroll
    • Researchers conducting studies on behalf of the district
    • Persons who have a critical need to protect the health and safety of students
    • Federal or state officials for purposes of auditing and compliance with laws Other third parties (employers, social agencies, etc.) may have access to records only with written permission of adult students, parents, or legal guardians.



    Also referred to as a subgrant if the prime award is a grant, subcontract, or contract.  An award of financial support from a prime awardee (e.g., SPPS) to a qualified organization for the performance of a portion of the project funded under the prime award. The term also includes awards made by a sub-recipient to a lower tier sub-recipient. It does not include procurement of goods and services funded by a prime award, i.e., vendors are not considered sub-recipients.



    The legal entity to which a sub-award is made and which is accountable to SPPS for the use of the funds provided in carrying out a portion of a federal project.


    Supplement vs Supplant

    Federal regulations stipulate that funds be used to augment (supplement) the regular educational program, not to substitute for (supplant) funds or services. This is one of many reasons why grant dollars cannot simply be folded in with general fund dollars, and why such effort is required to track program activity, budgets and spending.



    Evil method of data collection, best avoided. If you must do it, follow the directions.



    Refers to a grantee's ability to continue the pursuit of a grant's goals and objectives after the funding ends. Because funders are often concerned with what happens at grant's end, sustainability is normally addressed at the grant application stage and can be considered in the grant selection process. Sustainability is not just about operating a program beyond the original funding—it's about permanently shifting a school's culture and instructional leadership to incorporate evidence-based practices into everything it does. Oftentimes such a shift requires funding to develop and inculcate, but not to sustain once in place.

    Discussions of sustainability should include exactly what the district intends to keep doing. Which grant activities, core ideas, new procedures, relationships, practices, etc. are worthy to become part of our way of doing business every day? Some aspects of a grant's successes can continue without perpetual external funding, though not every successful grant should necessarily be brought to scale either. There exists a point where sustainability funding becomes operating capital, and that point is not attractive to private funders.

    The expectations and details of sustainability are unique to every grant. The concept of sustainability, however it applies to your grant, will have to be addressed, defined and pursued.


    System of Record

    The official records of the district. For financial information, the system of record is FMS, for employee information, it is the PeopleSoft HRMS.

    See Enterprise Applications.


    Technology Service Desk

    The one-stop shop for all Information Technology services.


    Template For Consultant Contract

    The form to contract with a service provider such as a speaker or evaluator.



    See contract terms.


    Testing Calendar

    The schedule of when district assessments are to be given to students. Available from REA.


    Time and Effort (T&E)

    Time and effort reporting (also called Personnel Activity Reporting by federal agencies) is a federal requirement directed by the US Office of Management and Budgeting.  The purpose of the requirement is to establish principles and standards for determining costs for Federal awards carried out through grants, cost reimbursement contracts, and other agreements with state and local governments.  

    School districts are required under federal law to record any hours worked that relate to federal funding or to funding that is matched through a grant. If hours are not recorded and reported properly, a negative audit could result in the district losing its funding which would result in widespread revenue losses and ultimately deep budgetary cuts to programs and staff.


    Travel Authorization

    When district employees need to travel to workshops, conferences, or other business events, pre-approval is required prior to traveling or incurring any travel or registration fee expenses. Anyone incurring expenses without proper authorization will be personally liable for those expenses. The travel pre-approval process and registration fee payment process are as follows. Submit all forms at least 30 days prior to the date of the event to ensure travel is approved and registration fees are paid in time. All information is available on the Business Office's website.


    Uniform Financial Accounting and Reporting Standards (UFARS)

    Minnesota school districts, charter schools, cooperative districts, area learning centers, private alternative schools and nonpublic schools are required by law to prepare financial reports and annual budgets. The UFARS is an integral part of the accounting and reporting process for school districts.

    For all public entities, these financial reports include the detailed tracking of revenues and expenditures within UFARS fund classifications in order to meet legislative requirements for school districts. They also provide financial accountability for public fund allocations in order to meet the increasing demand for accurate financial reporting data and the growing need for legislative accountability, including:

    • Providing better financial information for public review and evaluation
    • Demonstrating financial accountability for program implementation
    • Enabling compliance with state and federal financial reporting requirements
    • Improving decision-making capabilities for state and local agencies

    The need for accounting and reporting of financial data pertaining to local school districts has expanded in recent years.  It is expected to grow in the future, to meet the increasing demand for an effective use of school district resources and an increasing interest in equalizing educational opportunities for all pupils regardless of background or locale.


    Uniform Grant Guidance (UGG)

    Uniform Grant Guidance (Code of Federal Regulations, part 200) streamlines and consolidates government requirements for receiving and using federal awards to reduce administrative burden and improve outcomes


    United States Department of Education (USED, ED)

    Created in 1980 by combining offices from several federal agencies, the USED's mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.


    Value of Unspent Funds Lost

    Represents funds not spent, and also represents lost opportunity. Funds remain unspent largely as a result of a grant manager's failure to track grant activities and their associated costs, or because of problems with program implementation. A structured approach to tracking grant activities and spending will help avoid this loss.

    From a more long-term view, unspent funds may signal the funder that due diligence was not taken either in the planning or implementation and management phases of the grant, which may have a deleterious effect on attempts to securing future funding.



    An outside person, business or agency providing goods or services to SPPS. For direct purchasing, an account with the vendor will be established in the name of the individual school or department. The integrity of the account will be the responsibility of the school or department. Purchasing office staff are willing to assist schools or departments in any transactions and will recommend vendors for any items that are not required to be ordered on a purchase requisition.

    Schools or departments must receive prior approval from the district's purchasing office for emergency direct purchases of goods or services in excess of $1,000.


    W9 Form, IRS

    Use Form W-9 to request the taxpayer identification number (TIN) of a U.S. person (including a resident alien) and to request certain certifications and claims for exemption.

    If you hire a vendor for a grant, have the vendor/consultant send you a completed W-9 form. If they do not have one click on the link: you can either print the form to fax or mail to the vendor or you can save it as a document on your computer that you can then email to the vendor.


Last Modified on November 7, 2019