What is Section 504?

  • What is Section 504?
    • A Civil Rights Law
    • Prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities by agencies receiving federal dollars
    • Not an education law
    • Enforced by the Office of Civil Rights

     

    What Saint Paul Public Schools programs have to comply with Section 504?

    • All programs offered by school districts Pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade
    • Community Education
    • Athletics
    • Before/after school programs (Discovery Club)
    • Field trips or other activities
    • Potential other agencies providing programming at Saint Paul Public Schools

     

    Who is eligible for protections of Section 504? A student with a physical or mental impairment that causes substantial limitation of a major life activity.

    What is a physical or mental impairment?

    Any psychological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: Neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organ, respiratory, including speech organs, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitor-urinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin and endocrine, any mental or psychological disorder (such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities).

    What is a substantial limitation?

    • Should not demand extensive analysis.
    • Limits the ability of the student to perform major life activity as compared to most people.

    What are Major Life Activities?

    Caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working.  The operation of a major bodily function such as:

    • Immune system (Severe Allergy)
    • Normal cell growth (Leukemia, other cancer)
    • Digestive (Cystic Fibrosis, Crohn's Disorder)
    • Bowel (Irritable Bowel Syndrome, IBS)
    • Bladder (Neurogenic Bladder)
    • Neurological (ADHD, Epilepsy)
    • Brain (Static Encephalopathy, Concussion)
    • Respiratory (Asthma, Cystic Fibrosis)
    • Circulatory (Hemophilia)
    • Endocrine (Diabetes)
    • Reproductive functions (Ovarian Cyst)